Diabetes is a chronic health condition that affects how your body turns food into energy. Your body breaks down most of the food you eat into sugar and releases it into your bloodstream. When your blood sugar goes up, it signals your pancreas to release insulin. Insulin is a hormone that regulates blood glucose. Insulin acts as a key to letting the blood sugar into your body’s cells for use as energy. With diabetes, your body doesn’t make enough insulin or can’t use it as well as it should. When there isn’t enough insulin or cells stop responding to insulin, too much blood sugar stays in your bloodstream. Over time, that can cause serious health problems, such as heart disease, vision loss, and kidney disease.
According to the International Diabetes Federation, there are 7.4 million diabetic patients in India. More than half of the patients do not know that they are diabetic patients. WHO says that most of the diabetic patients in India include people from 20 to 70 years of age. Obesity is a major reason for the increase in the number of patients presently. According to research only 30-45 minutes daily workout reduces the risk of diabetes. To fight diabetes, every member of the family must know about it so that it can be stopped at any time. It is also important to stop the cases of diabetes because it can also cause heart attack, stroke, infections besides kidney failure.
The main reason for Diabetes
The main reason for having diabetes is either the body has stopped making insulin or not being able to make enough amounts. The work of insulin is to control the blood glucose present in the blood. In most cases, this is due to family history. Other major causes include being physically active and increasing weight. Most people avoid physical activity because of the time spent on electronic gadgets and indoor games. Consequences In the last decade, cases of diabetes increased rapidly.
When are you alert
According to the Expert, it is necessary to take special precautions from the age of 35-40 years. Those with a family history, and a body mass index of more than 25 must be more alert. Check blood sugar level with doctor advice at a regular intervals of time.
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Symptoms of Diabetes
Diabetes can be identified based on some symptoms. If symptoms appear to be
- Feeling more thirsty than usual.
- Urinating often.
- Losing weight without trying.
- Presence of ketones in the urine. Ketones are a byproduct of the breakdown of muscle and fat that happens when there’s not enough available insulin.
- Feeling tired and weak.
- Feeling irritable or having other mood changes.
- Having a blurry vision.
- Having slow-healing sores.
- Getting a lot of infections, such as gum, skin and vaginal infections.
In such a situation, check your body mass index and stay away from junk food.
There are three types of diabetes
Type 1 diabetes: In such a situation, insulin is stopped in the body. The patient gives insulin with the help of an injection. It is also called insulin-dependent diabetes, which can occur at any age. In cases of children below 20 years of age, more cases are seen. Therefore it is also called juvenile diabetes. Symptoms of type 1 diabetes often develop quickly. It’s usually diagnosed in children, teens, and young adults.
Type 2 diabetes: These cases were mostly seen in the elderly. But according to the current statistics, now patients of type-2 diabetes are growing at the age of 20-35. About 50 per cent of people have type-2 diabetes because of obesity. There are many other reasons for this. This is the most common type of diabetes. About 90-95% of people with diabetes have type 2.
Gestational diabetes: Those pregnant women who have never complained of diabetes before, have more of it. This happens due to excess glucose content in the blood during pregnancy.
What to eat
There are five main groups of diets which are beneficial for avoiding diabetes.
- Fruit and veg
- Starchy foods
- Protein foods
- Dairy and alternatives
- Oils and spreads
Starch Free food: includes broccoli, carrots, greens, peppers, and tomatoes
Starchy Food: includes potatoes, corn, and green peas
Fruits: includes oranges, melon, berries, apples, bananas, and grapes
Grains: at least half of your grains for the day should be whole grains including wheat, rice, oats, cornmeal, barley, and quinoa examples: bread, pasta, cereal, and tortillas
Protein: Protein foods Include lean meat, chicken or turkey without the skin, fish, eggs, nuts and peanuts, dried beans and certain peas, such as chickpeas and split peas, and meat substitutes, such as tofu.
Dairy Products: includes nonfat or low fat, milk or lactose-free milk if you have lactose intolerance, yoghurt, cheese.
Eat foods with heart-healthy fats, which mainly come from these foods: oils that are liquid at room temperatures, such as canola and olive oil, nuts and seeds, heart-healthy fish such as salmon, tuna, and mackerel
Use oils when cooking food instead of butter, cream, shortening, lard, or stick margarine.
Do not take too much sweet fruit in the diet: patients with diabetes should be included in guava, amla, lemon, berries, oranges and papaya diet. Avoid bananas, chikoo or more sweet fruit.
Always keep THESE THINGS in mind for controlling diabetes
Controlling diabetes is very important for your health. Many times it happens that you have to go out somewhere or join a party, which leads to a sudden increase in blood sugar levels. Several times Blood sugar levels can be controlled by medicines, so we are often looking for easy ways to control blood sugar. Increasing blood levels is known as Bold Sugar or Diabetes. Diabetes is a disease that has no cure, it can only be controlled. It’s patients should pay a lot of attention to eating the right diet and taking proper medicines. Diabetes is a group of metabolic illnesses, in which glucose or sugar levels in the blood is higher than normal. This happens when insulin does not form properly in the body or cells of the body do not respond properly to insulin.
- Keep your distance from more sugar and processed grains. Avoid the bread or banana made from naan, kulcha, noodles and flour.
- Do not use potatoes, white rice, more spices and fried food, Arabic and sweet potato, they work to increase blood sugar.
- Workout 45 minutes daily. It can include wack, cycling, swimming, or yoga.
- Stay away from stress. According to research, stress increases blood sugar. Keep yourself calm and healthy mentally. Take care of this.
- If there is a family history of diabetes, then after 40 years of age have blood sugar checks done.
- If you take medicines for blood sugar control, then pay close attention to the diet as well. Take the diet according to your doctor’s advice.
- Balance the amount of carbon in the diet. Carbs break into your blood sugar, there is a big chunk of glucose. After this, it converts this sugar to insulin cells.
“Arthritis: Symptoms, Precautions, Remedies, and Lifestyle Tips for Effective Management”
Arthritis is one of the rapidly growing severe problems globally. According to data, more than 18 crore people in the country are troubled by the problem of some kind of arthritis. In Arthritis, joint pain and swelling conditions, due to which it becomes difficult for people to perform normal functions of routine. It is quite painful for the victims of arthritis to walk, run and climb stairs. Although arthritis is of many types, osteoarthritis is the most common in it. Gout and rheumatoid arthritis are also a type of this. Each type has its own causes and risk factors. According to health experts, the problem of arthritis is quite common among people above 60 years of age, but it is now seen increasing even among young people.
Food items that increase the problem of Arthritis
Different Kinds of Anthesis
is a common form of arthritis that affects the joints, particularly those in the hands, knees, hips, and spine. Learn about the causes, symptoms, and various treatment options to manage this degenerative joint condition.
Caused by the gradual breakdown of cartilage, osteoarthritis leads to joint pain, stiffness, and reduced mobility. It often develops due to ageing, common overuse, obesity, or previous joint injuries. Understanding the risk factors and underlying causes can help in prevention and early intervention.
Recognizing the symptoms of osteoarthritis is crucial for timely diagnosis and treatment. Look out for joint pain during movement or after periods of inactivity, joint tenderness, swelling, and a decreased range of motion. Symptoms may worsen over time, affecting daily activities and overall quality of life.
Treatment for osteoarthritis
It aims to alleviate pain, improve joint function, and enhance overall well-being. Non-pharmacological approaches include weight management, regular exercise to strengthen muscles around the joints and physical therapy for targeted joint exercises. Additionally, pain relief can be achieved through over-the-counter or prescription medications, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).
In severe cases, surgical interventions like joint replacement or joint fusion may be considered to restore joint function and relieve pain. However, these options are typically explored after conservative measures have been exhausted.
It’s important to consult with a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and personalized treatment plan. They can provide guidance on the most suitable interventions based on the severity of your osteoarthritis and individual circumstances.
By understanding the causes, recognizing symptoms, and exploring various treatment options, individuals with osteoarthritis can actively manage their condition and improve their quality of life. Stay informed, work closely with healthcare professionals, and adopt a multidisciplinary approach to find effective strategies for coping with osteoarthritis.
2. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA)
It is an autoimmune disorder that primarily affects the joints, causing chronic inflammation and joint damage. Gain insights into the symptoms, underlying causes, and available treatment approaches for managing rheumatoid arthritis.
RA occurs when the immune system mistakenly attacks healthy joint tissues, leading to persistent inflammation. This results in symptoms such as joint pain, swelling, stiffness, fatigue, and a general feeling of malaise. Unlike osteoarthritis, RA can affect multiple joints simultaneously and may also impact other organs in the body.
The exact cause of rheumatoid arthritis remains unknown, but genetic factors, environmental triggers, and an overactive immune response are believed to play a role. Early detection and intervention are crucial to prevent or minimize joint damage.
The goal of RA treatment is to alleviate symptoms, slow disease progression, and improve overall quality of life. Medications known as disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) are commonly prescribed to suppress the immune system and reduce inflammation. Biologic DMARDs specifically target molecules involved in the immune response.
In addition to medications, lifestyle modifications can aid in managing rheumatoid arthritis. Regular exercise, tailored to individual capabilities, helps improve joint flexibility, muscle strength, and overall well-being. Physical therapy may also be recommended to enhance joint function and manage pain.
Pain relief can be achieved through the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or corticosteroids. Occupational therapy can provide guidance on adapting daily activities to minimize joint stress and maximize independence.
In some cases, surgical interventions such as joint replacement surgery may be necessary to restore mobility and alleviate pain when joint damage is severe.
Collaborating closely with a healthcare professional, typically a rheumatologist, is crucial for the comprehensive management of rheumatoid arthritis. They can tailor a treatment plan based on the individual’s specific needs, monitor disease progression, and make adjustments as necessary.
By understanding the symptoms, identifying the causes, and exploring various treatment approaches, individuals with rheumatoid arthritis can actively participate in their care and improve their overall quality of life. Staying informed, seeking support, and adopting a multidimensional approach is key to effectively managing rheumatoid arthritis.
It is a type of arthritis that occurs when there is a buildup of uric acid crystals in the joints, leading to sudden and severe episodes of pain, swelling, and inflammation. Learn about the symptoms, underlying causes, and effective management strategies for gout.
The main symptom of gout is an acute attack of joint pain, commonly affecting the big toe, but it can also occur in other joints such as the ankle, knee, or wrist. The affected joint becomes swollen, red, and tender to the touch. Gout attacks often come on suddenly and can be triggered by factors like diet, alcohol consumption, obesity, certain medications, and underlying health conditions.
The underlying cause of gout is an excessive buildup of uric acid in the bloodstream. Uric acid is a waste product that is normally excreted by the kidneys. When the body produces too much uric acid or fails to eliminate it efficiently, it can lead to the formation of sharp uric acid crystals in the joints, causing inflammation and pain.
Managing gout involves a combination of lifestyle changes and medication to prevent and alleviate gout attacks. Dietary modifications play a crucial role in reducing uric acid levels. Avoiding or limiting foods high in purines, such as red meat, seafood, organ meats, and alcohol, can help decrease uric acid production. Increasing water intake and consuming foods low in purines, such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and low-fat dairy products, can promote uric acid excretion.
Medications are commonly prescribed to manage gout. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are used to reduce pain and inflammation during gout attacks. Colchicine is another medication that can be used to relieve gout symptoms. Long-term prevention of gout attacks often involves medications like allopurinol or febuxostat, which work to lower uric acid levels in the body.
Maintaining a healthy weight, engaging in regular physical activity, and managing underlying health conditions such as high blood pressure or diabetes are important factors in gout management. Limiting alcohol consumption and staying adequately hydrated can also help prevent gout attacks.
Working closely with a healthcare professional, typically a rheumatologist, is essential for effective gout management. They can provide an accurate diagnosis, recommend appropriate medications, and offer guidance on lifestyle modifications.
By understanding the symptoms, addressing underlying causes, and implementing lifestyle changes, individuals with gout can effectively manage the condition and reduce the frequency and severity of gout attacks. With proper management, it is possible to control gout and improve overall quality of life.
World Arthritis Day is celebrated every year on October 12 with the aim of reducing the increasing risk of arthritis and raising people’s awareness about it. Health experts say, even in young people, the risk of arthritis is increasing, so this risk should not be taken lightly.
Some MORE methods to treat Arthritis
Arthritis is a multifaceted condition that not only affects the physical well-being of individuals but also has an impact on their daily lives and emotional health. In addition to the symptoms, precautions, and remedies mentioned earlier, here are some additional insights and lifestyle tips to help manage arthritis effectively.
Manage Stress: Living with chronic pain and limitations can be emotionally taxing. High-stress levels can exacerbate arthritis symptoms and lead to increased inflammation. Engaging in stress-reducing activities such as meditation, deep breathing exercises, yoga, or pursuing hobbies can help alleviate stress and promote overall well-being.
Assistive Devices: Depending on the severity of arthritis, using assistive devices can provide support and ease daily activities. Simple aids like jar openers, long-handled reaches, or adaptive tools for gripping can reduce strain on the joints and make tasks more manageable.
Gentle Exercise: Regular physical activity is crucial for maintaining joint flexibility, muscle strength, and overall fitness. Low-impact exercises such as swimming, cycling, tai chi, or gentle stretching routines can be beneficial. Consult with a physical therapist or a qualified fitness professional to design an exercise plan tailored to your specific needs and abilities.
Balance Activity and Rest: Finding the right balance between activity and rest is essential. Pacing yourself throughout the day and taking breaks when needed can prevent overexertion and reduce joint stress. It’s important to listen to your body and avoid pushing beyond your limits, as this can lead to increased pain and inflammation.
Heat and Cold Therapy: Experimenting with heat and cold therapy can provide relief for arthritis symptoms. Warm showers, heating pads, or warm compresses can help relax muscles and ease joint stiffness. Cold therapy, using ice packs or cold compresses, can reduce inflammation and numb pain. Explore which method works best for you and use it as needed.
Stay Hydrated: Drinking an adequate amount of water is essential for joint health. Proper hydration helps keep the joints lubricated and supports overall bodily functions. Aim to consume an ample amount of water throughout the day to maintain optimal hydration levels.
Sleep Well: Quality sleep is vital for overall health and well-being, including managing arthritis symptoms. Create a sleep-friendly environment, establish a regular bedtime routine, and ensure your mattress and pillows provide adequate support. If discomfort interferes with your sleep, consider using pillows or cushions to find a more comfortable position.
Social Support: Arthritis can sometimes feel isolating, but connecting with others facing similar challenges can provide emotional support. Consider joining support groups, either in person or online, where you can share experiences, exchange tips, and receive encouragement.
Emerging Treatments: Medical research is continually advancing, leading to the development of new treatments for arthritis. Some emerging therapies include biological medications, which target specific molecules involved in the inflammatory process. These medications can help reduce joint inflammation and slow down the progression of certain types of arthritis. Additionally, regenerative medicine techniques, such as platelet-rich plasma (PRP) therapy or stem cell therapy, are being explored for their potential in promoting tissue repair and reducing joint pain.
Complementary Therapies: Many individuals with arthritis find relief and improved well-being through complementary therapies. These therapies can be used alongside traditional medical treatments and may include acupuncture, massage therapy, chiropractic care, or herbal remedies. It’s important to consult with healthcare professionals before starting any complementary therapy to ensure their safety and efficacy.
Mind-Body Techniques: Mind-body techniques can play a significant role in managing arthritis symptoms and enhancing overall well-being. Practices such as mindfulness meditation, guided imagery, and cognitive-behavioural therapy can help individuals cope with pain, reduce stress, and improve their emotional resilience.
Assistive Technology: Technological advancements have led to the development of innovative assistive devices for individuals with arthritis. These include adaptive tools with ergonomic designs, voice-activated home assistants for hands-free assistance, and wearable devices that track joint movement and provide feedback for better management of activities.
Nutritional Supplements: While maintaining a balanced diet is crucial, some individuals may benefit from specific nutritional supplements. Omega-3 fatty acids, found in fish oil or flaxseed oil, have anti-inflammatory properties that may help reduce joint pain and stiffness. Turmeric and ginger supplements are also believed to have natural anti-inflammatory effects. However, it’s important to consult with a healthcare professional before starting any supplements to ensure their appropriateness and dosage.
Clinical Tlsria: Participation in clinical trials offers an opportunity to access innovative treatments and contribute to scientific advancements in arthritis research. Clinical trials evaluate new medications, therapies, or interventions, providing valuable insights into their effectiveness and safety. Consider discussing with your healthcare provider if participating in a clinical trial is a suitable option for you
CDS found an outbreak of Listeria pointed toward Florida
What’s all the Listeria about in Florida?
An outbreak of Listeria monocytogenes infections. The Centers for Disease Control is investigating a multi-state outbreak of Listeria with evidence pointing to a possible link with people who live or have visited Florida.
Twenty-three people from 10 states have been infected with the outbreak strain. Nearly all of those people live in or travelled to Florida about a month before they got sick, but CDC said the significance of that is not yet known.
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Twenty-two people have been hospitalized and one of the patients, in Illinois, died. Five pregnant women got sick, resulting in the loss of one of the fetuses.
CDC said it hasn’t identified the source of the outbreak but people with symptoms who are at high risk – including pregnant women, newborns, adults aged 65 and older and people with weakened immune systems – especially those who have recently travelled to Florida to talk to their healthcare provider.
Symptoms of Listeria
As for the specific cause of this outbreak, while authorities may be giving different foods for thought, they have yet to identify the specific culprit. It’s not as if just being in Florida can give you a Listeria infection. While contact with someone infected with the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) or even closer contact with someone with monkeypox or meningococcal disease can get you infected, Listeria monocytogenes don’t work that way. Listeria doesn’t travel through the air either unless it’s a contaminated food item like sausage being delivered by a drone right into your mouth. Instead, Listeria infections typically result when you put the bacteria where your mouth is. Once the bacteria goes down your hatch you can get infected, although it may or may not end up giving you symptoms.
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Symptoms of a severe illness usually start within two weeks after eating food contaminated with Listeria but may start as early as the same day or as late as 70 days after exposure. People who are not pregnant may experience headaches, stiff neck, confusion, loss of balance and convulsions, in addition to fever and muscle aches.
Pregnant women typically experience only fever, fatigue and muscle aches. However, Listeria infection during pregnancy can lead to miscarriage, stillbirth, premature delivery, or life-threatening infection of the newborn.
By these five methods, you can find whether your children are suffering from weakness
We know Children are full of energy, enthusiasm etc. As soon as the children come from school, they start playing. They don’t feel tired even after playing. Children can jump and play all day. In such a situation, if your child sits quietly without taking interest in jumping to play and even if he goes to play, he starts feeling tired and remains depressed, then it may be that the child is not physically healthy. Children also behave this way because of weakness. Due to weakness in the muscles, children may have difficulty not only in playing but also in walking. The child becomes lethargic. Sometimes the weakness in children increases so much that they are not even able to do personal work. To find out whether your child is physically weak or not, know some signs of weakness in children. Along with this, also learn about the cause and treatment of weakness.
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Signs of weakness in a child
Headache and fatigue
If the child talks about having frequent headaches or starts feeling tired after only a few activities, then it is considered to be a sign of internal unwell. Sometimes while playing or doing some work, the heart rate of the child increases and he starts having trouble breathing.
Foot pain and difficulty walking
Many times, due to lack of nutrition, there is weakness in the legs of children too. At the age of running and jumping, children are still unable to walk well and often complain of pain in the feet. Children find it difficult to stand, run and jump. It can also be a sign of calcium deficiency.
The problem of fever again and again
If a child gets a fever early, then along with weakening his immunity, he can also become physically weak.
If there is a problem in raising the arm, then your child is weak.
Arm and hand pain
Sometimes children also complain of pain in the hands and arms. He gets upset while writing while eating by himself while playing while carrying a bag or buttoning a shirt.
Weakness in the child can be first identified by dryness of the face of the child, chapped lips and dark circles under the eyes. Rashes can also come on the face of children. They also have trouble speaking, swallowing and sucking.
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Apart from lack of nutrition, the reason for weakness in children may be as
Causes of weakness in children
There can be many reasons for weakness in a child. Lack of nutrition, muscle weakness, polio, acute flaccid myelitis and many diseases can cause weakness in a child. Due to weakness, the child has difficulty working, as well as the development of the child is also slow. Their height does not increase and many weak children remain underweight. In such a situation, a doctor should be contacted immediately and all the necessary tests should be done on the child.
Ways to avoid weakness
If there are signs of weakness in children, then first of all take them to the doctor.
Give children nutritious food, which is rich in protein, iron, calcium, vitamins and antioxidants.
Try to keep the baby hydrated.
If the child tells about any kind of physical problem, do not ignore it as an excuse.
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