Sunday, May 19, 2024
Healthy Diet

“25 Common Foods and Factors That Can Trigger Acid Reflux”


Acidity in the context of digestive discomfort usually refers to acid reflux or heartburn, which occurs when stomach acid flows back into the oesophagus. Certain foods and beverages can trigger or exacerbate acid reflux symptoms. Here are some common foods and beverages that can cause acidity:

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  1. Tomatoes and tomato-based products: Tomatoes are naturally acidic, and foods like tomato sauce, ketchup, and salsa can contribute to acidity.
  2. Spicy foods: Spices like chilli, pepper, and curry can relax the lower oesophagal sphincter (LES) and lead to acid reflux.
  3. Fried and fatty foods: High-fat foods, such as fried foods, butter, and fatty cuts of meat, can slow digestion and promote acid reflux.
  4. Chocolate: Chocolate contains both caffeine and theobromine, which can relax the LES and increase acid production.
  5. Mint and peppermint: Mint and peppermint can relax the LES and worsen acid reflux symptoms.
  6. Carbonated beverages: Soda and carbonated drinks can expand the stomach and increase pressure on the LES, causing acid reflux.
  7. Coffee and caffeinated beverages: Caffeine can relax the LES and stimulate acid production, leading to heartburn.
  8. Alcohol: Alcohol can relax the LES and irritate the oesophagus, making it more prone to acid reflux.
  9. Onions and garlic: These pungent vegetables can cause irritation and worsen acid reflux symptoms in some people.
  10. High-acid foods: Certain foods like vinegar, pickles, and sauerkraut are naturally acidic and can trigger acid reflux.
  11. Citrus or fruit juices: While most fruit juices are acidic, citrus juices like orange and grapefruit are particularly problematic for some individuals.
  12. High-sugar foods: Sugary foods and desserts can relax the LES and increase stomach acid production.
  13. High-salt foods: Foods high in salt can promote water retention, which may lead to increased stomach pressure and acid reflux.
  14. Peppers: Hot and bell peppers can exacerbate acid reflux symptoms in some individuals.
  15. Fatty dairy products: Full-fat dairy items like whole milk, cheese, and butter can relax the LES and increase the risk of acid reflux.
  16. Processed and high-sugar snacks: Foods like chips, cookies, and sugary snacks can trigger acid reflux due to their high sugar and fat content.
  17. High-protein meals: Large, protein-heavy meals can put pressure on the LES and lead to acid reflux. This includes foods like steak and hamburgers.
  18. Carbonated water: Even sparkling water without added sugar or flavourings can sometimes contribute to gas and bloating, potentially exacerbating acid reflux symptoms.
  19. Smoking: Smoking cigarettes can weaken the LES and increase stomach acid production, making it more likely for acid reflux to occur.
  20. Peppermint and spearmint teas: Herbal teas containing peppermint or spearmint can relax the LES and promote acid reflux.
  21. Medications: Some medications, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), certain blood pressure medications, and calcium channel blockers, can relax the LES and increase the risk of acid reflux.
  22. Overeating: Consuming large meals or eating too quickly can increase pressure on the LES, making acid reflux more likely.
  23. Tight clothing: Wearing tight belts or clothing that puts pressure on the abdomen can contribute to acid reflux.
  24. Late-night snacks: Eating close to bedtime can increase the risk of acid reflux as lying down shortly after eating can allow stomach acid to flow into the esophagus.
  25. Stress and anxiety: Emotional stress can sometimes exacerbate acid reflux symptoms.


It’s important to remember that not everyone is equally sensitive to these triggers, and individual responses can vary. If you frequently experience acid reflux or heartburn, it’s advisable to consult a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and personalized recommendations for managing your symptoms. Lifestyle modifications and dietary adjustments can often help reduce the frequency and severity of acid reflux.


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